We cannot pretend that an oath is something other than someone calling upon God as witness and judge.
I give my frank assessment of the overtures in the hopes that, even if you disagree with me, you can better formulate reasons for why you do so.
Penal substitution needs natural law theory, because penal substitution depends upon the claim that God cannot let sins go unpunished.
To feel grateful, we must have gratitude to someone for something. That’s the grammar of gratitude. For the gift of life itself, we must be grateful to the giver of all life.
God has a relationship with all people, but he does not have every kind of relationship with every kind of person. Indeed, God’s use of the language of fatherhood underscores, in addition to intimacy and tenderness, the exclusivity of his connection to his children.
To say God must be the father of all people, you’ll need something stronger than the idea of fatherhood to get there.
Providence and free will, sin and salvation, and heaven and hell come into conflict with certain widespread beliefs about equality and justice.